Teacher’s Perceptions on the Usefulness of Instructional Media to Effective Teaching of Business Studies
Business Studies is one of the subjects that enable students acquire skills that are essential to personal, occupational and entrepreneurial activities. In Nigeria, there are
reports indicating that students are not making consistent progress in learning Business Studies and that this is somehow attributed to teachers’ perception on the usefulness
of instructional materials for effective teaching and learning. However, in pedagogical practice it is believed by the experts of this field that the use of instructional media by
the teachers will make learning more permanent, offer reality of experience and provide high degree of interest. The objective of this study is to investigate the perception
of teachers on the usefulness of instructional media to effective teaching of Business Studies.
Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A total of 270 Junior Secondary Schools Business Studies Teachers constituted the sample for this study
while multistage sampling technique was used. The data for the study was collected through the use of adapted and validated instrument called “Media Usefulness in Business
Studies Questionnaire”. The data collected in this study was analyzed using t-test at 0.05 level of significance.
The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference in the perception of experienced and less experienced teachers on the usefulness of instructional media
to effective teaching of business studies, there is no significant difference in the perception of male and female teachers on the usefulness of instructional media to effective
teaching of business studies and there is no significant difference in the perception of teachers based on teaching qualifications on the usefulness of instructional media to
effective teaching of Business Studies. It could therefore be reported that participants in all the groups jointly agreed that instructional materials are useful for effective teaching
of Business Studies.
Based on the findings, it is recommended that student-friendly instructional technologies should be adequately supplied to the secondary schools. It is also recommended
that there is need for Ministries of Education, Teacher Training Institutions and Private sector to support in the training of Business Studies teachers on the production and
effective utilization of instructional media.
Keywords: Audio-Visuals, Dual Coding, Instructional Technologies, Media, Pedagogy