Modern American Anthropologists’ View of Culture and Correlated Attitude towards Caucasian Traditions and Values

  • Tamar SHIOSHVILI Dean of the Faculty of Education and Humanities, Coordinator of the American Studies Programs. Fulbright professor at the George Washington University in Washington D.C., USA in 2004-2005 years. Covered “American Studies Curriculum Design” program for professors in Washington D.C., USA in 2001. Initiated the American Studies B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. English programs first time in Georgia at the International Black Sea University (2002, 2006, 2008, 2013). Covered English Language Study program for professors: “Teaching Methodology, British Life and Culture” at the University of Leeds, Great Britain. Ph.D. in Philological Sciences (Lexicology)-Morris Torres Institute, Moscow, 1979 Teaches courses: American Culture and Society; American Multicultural Studies; American Women’s History; Women’s Studies in the US. Author of numerous scientific works.
Keywords: Ethno-cultural, identity, traditions, national communication

Abstract

The United States functions symbolically as a hyper-present model of culturally plural or
multicultural nation. American adaptation of multiculturalistic approach is comparatively new
though, and contradicts the melting pot principle, which meant melting of different cultures of
immigrants in one pot at the initial stages of the creation of the new nation. In recent times
we observe that some American cultural anthropologists modify the traditional definition of
culture, that only peoples who speak different languages, not dialects – have distinctive cultural
patterns.
According modern scholars every identity group that shares a similar pattern of perceptions
constitutes a culture. Following this approach, while considering the Caucasian traditions and
values, even within a big traditional cultural group, we can single out culture of unit identities
and explore how can communication between smaller groups can be encouraged, in order to
increase national communication, that is so vital for coping with one of the most complicated
regions in the world – Caucasus, with many different peoples.

Published
22-08-2016
Section
Articles